Craps Proposition Bets

The variety of betting options in craps is huge and one of the most common tips that could be found in craps literature and game theory is to avoid the so-called proposition bets at all costs. The reason is very simple – because they offer a very high house edge, which means that the odds are definitely against you. At the same time, many experienced casino players love the occasional risk and would make prop bets on a regular basis.

So, what are the proposition bets and why are they not recommended for novices? These are single-roll bets, which means that the outcome from them is determined in the next roll of the dice – you either win or lose. Unlike some multi-roll bets where you can decrease or remove your bet, there is no chance of saving your money with the prop bets if you have bad luck on the craps table. This “all or nothing” style of play is not suitable for novices but at the same time, it is what makes the game of craps fun and exciting.

What Are Proposition Bets in Craps?

1Cannot be Placed Directly by the Players

Proposition bets, also called single-roll or Prop bets, are service bets and cannot be placed directly by the players. Located in the center of the craps table, the betting section for these wagers is managed by the stickman. When players put their chips in the middle of the table, they call out their preferred bet and the stickman positions the chips on the respective betting field. Of course, this applies only to live games – those who play RNG craps online can easily make single-roll bets anytime they want to.

2Higher House Edge

As mentioned above, Prop bets are resolved within a single roll of the dice, hence the name “single-roll” wagers. Due to their extremely high house edge of over 11%, Props are known among experienced players as “sucker bets” since the chances of losing your entire bankroll when making these bets are significant. In comparison, the Pass/Don’t Pass and Come/Don’t Come bets have a house edge of around 1.40%, which makes them less risky in the long run.

3Payouts of up to 30 Times the Bet

Experienced players tend to avoid them as part of their regular betting strategy and instead, they sometimes incorporate them into more complex betting patterns that include traditional wagers such as the Pass Line. Recreational players, however, often make these single-roll bets, falling for the appeal of the huge payouts of up to 30 times the original stake. Despite the attractive payouts, however, Props are not recommended for those who are still making their first steps into the world of craps.

4Extremely Easy to Make and to Track

One great advantage of these wagers is that they are extremely easy to make and to track since they immediately win or lose. There is also no need to wait for a specific time during the game to make them – unlike most bets, which are allowed only on either the come-out or subsequent rolls, proposition bets are completely independent of the main Pass Line, so they can be placed at any time.

Another important thing to note is the way their payouts are sometimes displayed on the craps table – rather than the typical 7 to 1 payout for a winning Any Craps bet, for example, you may encounter a payout of 8 for 1. While this seems like a better alternative, it is actually the exact same payout – phrased like this, the payout simply includes the $1 original bet on top of the $7 profit.

Bets on Single Numbers

There are various single-roll bets and a large portion of them include wagers on single numbers. As one could probably imagine, the odds when making such bets are against the player. The probabilities of the dice rolling on any particular number are quite low. However, this depends solely on the possible dice combinations for the different numbers – as we all know, the number 7 is more likely to be rolled than any other number in the game. It can be formed by combining the two dice in 6 different ways, which is the most possible combinations in this game.

By looking at the possible combinations for each number, we can clearly determine which bets are good and which ones are bad to the long-term performance. Below, players can find all Props on single numbers, along with their possible combinations and house edge percentages.

Snake Eyes
Ace-Deuce
Any Seven
Yo
Boxcars

Composition Bets

Along with the props on single numbers, there are many single-roll wagers on a group of numbers. They are quite different from each other but they are all positioned in the central section of the betting field. Since they cover more than one outcome of the dice roll, they can be grouped together and described as composition bets.

Hi-Lo Bet
Any Craps
C&E Bet
Horn Bet
Field Bet
Whirl/World
Hopping

Prop Bets Odds and House Edge

1Prop Bets Offer Unfavorable Odds

Compared to more classic craps bets such as the Pass Line and the Don’t Pass wagers, prop bets offer unfavorable odds and very high house edge. Players who opt for the Any Seven bet, for example, face a house edge of 16.67%, which is among the highest percentages offered in all casino games. This is why players should proceed very carefully when using single-roll bets.

2Craps Players Should Stick to Multi-Roll Bets

Rather than betting on the props constantly throughout their game, craps players should stick to multi-roll bets with much lower house edge and make props only occasionally. This way they can structure their style of play, balancing between the classic, safe and quite bland Line bets and the risky, yet exciting prop bets.

3Odds and Payouts of All Proposition Bets

The table below shows all proposition bets, along with their odds and payouts, as well as the theoretical advantage casinos have over players.

Bet Type Winning Combos True Odds Payout House Edge
Snake Eyes (2) 01/01/19 35:01:00 30:01:00 13.89%
Ace-Deuce (3) 1-2, 2-1 17:01:00 15:01:00 11.11%
Any 7 1-6, 6-1, 2-5, 5-2, 3-4, 4-3 05:01:00 04:01:00 16.67%
Yo (11) 5-6, 6-5 17:01:00 15:01:00 11.11%
Boxcars (12) 06/06/19 35:01:00 30:01:00 13.89%
Hi-Lo (2, 12) 1-1, 6-6 17:01:00 15:01:00 11.11%
Any Craps (2, 3, 12) 1-1, 1-2, 2-1, 6-6 08:01:00 07:01:00 11.11%
C&E (Yo + Craps) 5-6, 6-5, 1-1, 1-2, 2-1, 6-6 05:01:00 3:1 – Craps 7:1 – Yo 11.11%
Horn (2, 3, 11, 12) 1-1, 1-2, 2-1, 5-6, 6-5, 6-6 05:01:00 27:4 – 2,12 3:1 – 3,11 12.50%
Field 1-1, 1-2, 2-1, 1-3, 2-2, 3-1, 3-6, 6-3, 4-5, 5-4, 4-6, 6-4, 5-5, 5-6, 6-5, 6-6 05:04:00 2:1 on 2, 12 1:1 on all others 5.56% (2.78% for 3:1 payout on 12)
Whirl 1-1, 1-2, 2-1, 1-6, 6-1, 2-5, 5-2, 3-4, 4-3, 5-6, 6-5, 6-6 02:01:00 26:5 on 2,12 11:5 on 3,11 0:1 (push) on 7 13.33%
Hop Specific combinations 17:1 on easy way 35:1 on hard way 15:1 easy way 30:1 hard way 11.11% for easy ways 13.89% for hard ways